What Is Prostate Cancer?

The prostate is a small gland, the size of a walnut, in the male reproductive system. This organ is located under the bladder. Cancer develops in the prostate due to the abnormal growth of cells that form a tumor. Prostate cancer also has the potential of spreading to the other parts of the body is not addressed early—this type of cancer is the second most common cause of death among men. 

Types Of Prostate Cancers

Prostate cancer can be categorized into two types according to the growth level of the tumor: benign (non-threatening) and malignant (threatening) growth. Benign growth is rarely ever a threat and usually does not spread to other parts of the body. It can be removed, and typically does not grow back. In the unlikely event that it does, it is usually slow. 

Another kind of growth level is malignant, which results in more life-threatening prostate cancer. There is a possibility that this tumor can spread throughout the body and cause more damage. It can be removed but has a strong tendency to grow back. 

Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer

There are no visible symptoms in the early stages of prostate cancer. When the symptoms appear, they occur in the form of a dull ache in the pelvic area; you will find yourself urinating often or having trouble urinating. 

You may see blood in your urine, it will be painful for you during ejaculation, and you may experience pain in your hips, thighs, and lower back. You will find yourself losing appetite or even losing weight, and that, along with the other signs, indicate that you need to see an andrologist as soon as possible. 

What Causes It?

There are not many causes of prostate cancer other than the fact that there are certain risks attached to it. These risks include:

  • Age– This is an important factor since the risk of prostate cancer increases with age.
  • Family History– If you have a family history of prostate cancers, it places you at a higher risk. 
  • Lifestyle– The risk is high for heavy smokers. Fortunately, the risk of prostate cancer goes down within ten years of you quitting smoking. 
  • Diet– Your diet plays an essential part in causing prostate cancer. People who suffer from obesity have a higher risk of acquiring it. Increase your consumption of nutrient-rich fruits and vegetables and avoid processed foods. Instill exercise into your lifestyle as well. 

All of these factors contribute to the risks of acquiring prostate cancer. 

How Can Prostate Cancer Be Prevented? 

Surprisingly, the health of the prostate entirely depends on how healthy your heart is. This is because it involves the same prevention practices. Healthy eating, working out, looking after your weight, and smoking all contribute to good health, thus preventing prostate cancer. 

While there are no drugs to prevent prostate cancer completely, medications are available in slowing them down. Ultimately, prostate cancer prevention is about keeping a healthy body and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. 

See also: Diagnosing And Treating Prostate Cancer At The Right Time

How Can You Get It Treated?

The treatment depends upon your age,  the type, and the stage of cancer that you have.  You should refer to a consultant andrologist to receive proper treatment. If your cancer is non-threatening, then the andrologist will recommend you actively survey cancer through regular checkups and delay getting any sort of treatment. 

However, if you have the malignant type, it can be treated in the following ways:

  • Prostatectomy– A surgery that removes all parts of the prostate gland.
  • Concentrated radiation therapy– Useful in curing the early stages of prostate cancer.
  • Cryosurgery– Also referred to as cryosurgery, it uses extremely cold conditions to kill tumors. 
  • Chemotherapy – Involving drugs to destroy the excessive growth of abnormal cells. 

Speak to our andrologist to know more about prostate cancer today.